Present Simple or Indefinite Tense – With Structures, Examples Formula, Definition and Exercises
To talk about a permanent situation or something that is always true.
- He lives in Spain.
- Does he work in a factory.
- Insects have six legs.
- What temperature does water boil at?
To talk about things that happen regularly.
- She leaves for school at 8 o’clock.
- We don’t often go out for a meal.
- What time do you catch the bus?
Points to be remembered:
- Use simple first form of verb if the subject is plural.
They (plural subject) live (first form of verb) in spain (object).
Plural subject + first form of verb + object
- If subject is singular then use first form of verb and addition of s or es(use es when verb ends with sh,ch,x,z,o or s)
He (singular subject) lives (first form of verb+s) in spain.
Singular subject + first form of verb+(s or es)+ object
- Addition of ‘do (with plural subject) or does (with singular subject) in negative and interrogative sentences before using the first form of verb.
Example of negative sentence:
- He does not live in Spain.
- They do not live in Spain.
Subject + do or does + first form of verb + object
Example of interrogative sentence:
- Does he live in Spain?
- Do they live in Spain?
Do or does + subject + first form of verb + object.